Lapithos Municipality

KEFALOVRYSO

The fountain-head of Lapithos which watered the lemon orchards of Lapithos

The seven-spring fountain-head of artesian water sprang from the bowels of the earth, was situated at the foothills of Kyparissovounos, the highest peak of Pentadhaktylos mountain range.
Legend has it that the kefalovrysa (headsprings) of Lapithos, Karavas and Kythrea spring from the same place.

It has never been ascertained when exactly this headspring made its first appearance at Lapithos. However, historians of the ancient period cite that the green beauty of the place is due to the spring which stands at the foot of the mountain.

The kefalovryso of Lapithos gave birth to many legends in people’s imagination. Still, the plain truth is evident in the remarkable green-clad orchards that it watered, the eighteen flour-mills that, it empowered and in the historical references that hydrophilous sugar-cane cotton and rice thrived in ancient Lapithos. The kefalovryso supplied this water in abundance.

In modern times the headspring watered the plains where kolokasi (kolokasia-taro), konari (small onion) and pistachio and lemon trees were cultivated.

The water of kefalovryso was the private property of Lapithos inhabitants; passed down to them from generation to generation on a title. They used it proportionately, or rented, or sold it.

One twentieth of kefalovryso water was passed on to the Municipality in order to be used for domestic purposes in 1950-51. From then on every household had its own water supply and the rest was used for irrigation purposes.

This legendary spring never dried up, no matter how many years of drought passed. It had always been an inexhaustible spring regardless of the amount of water flowing from it. It watered and made exquisite Lapithos green.

Since the Turkish Attila invasion and occupation of 1974 the water of the kefalovryso can not be heard flowing through the canals. The Turks do not say much. Rather, they do not say anything. Some talk of an attempt to channel it to the plain with pipelines, out of the way of the Upper Parishes of Ayia Anastasia and Ayia Paraskevi. Some others talk of drilling in the mountain and therefore it dried. Maybe … temporarily because it refuses to water and refresh the aliens and the conquerors. The kefalovryso waits like the rest of our land the moment of freedom when the rightful inhabitants will return as liberators of the land and then … the liberated crystal clear kefalovryso will flow and sing in Lapithos once more.

Η βρυσομάνα της Λαπήθου που πότιζε τα περβόλια με τις λεμονιές